by Andreas Themistocleous
Migration has been discussed extensively in recent years. A significant number of studies, from different ideological and political origins, have dealt with the nature, causes and consequences, but also the different types of migration. Among others, migration is considered as a contemporary security threat with serious implications for the socio-political and socioeconomic stability both domestically and regionally. According to official statistics of the International Organization for Migration the number of migration flows per year, is increasing steadily. The main drift of these flows is from developing and the so called “third world” countries to the developed world.
By Jason Illiou*
Although the 9/11 attacks served as a wakeup call for the study and nature of terrorism mainly through a contemporary scope, the origins of the concept and its most violent derivative – suicide terrorism, have references that date back to the biblical era. In fact, the first recorded appearance of terrorism as we identify it today is paralleled with suicidal attacks while several of its elements, such as motivation and targeting are closely associated with methods witnessed in numerous modern cases. From the Zealots’ and Sicarii’s struggle against the Romans in 73 B.C that was terminated with a mass suicide, to the extremist Hashishins and their famous suicide missions, illustrate the first clear cases of small groups practicing terrorist acts against their stronger adversaries, introducing a new phenomenon in warfare tactics that insofar, lacks clear understanding and begs clarification regarding an appropriate definition.
By Michael Habib*
One of the most highly debated topics in international relations over the past 60 years has been the conflict between Palestine and Israel. This conflict has endured, nearly uninterrupted, since its inception even with many attempts to find a peaceful resolution through negotiations. The state of Israel was declared, unilaterally, in 1948 within the British mandate of Palestine. Ever since then, the conflict has lead to countless innocent lives lost, the world’s largest registered refugee population, war, and a very unstable Middle East. The Palestinians claim they have been forced from their own land for decades and have been at the mercy of Israeli aggression and occupation. The Israelis claim that they have been under threat from their Arab neighbors since the state of Israel came into existence, and that all of their actions are justified in the name of self-defense. The Israelis and the Palestinians both claim to want peace but have not been able to make much ground due to conflicting interests and lack of pressure from the international community.
By Dana Terry*
Since the Dayton Peace Accords put an end to the bloody ethnic war in 1995, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) has been a transitional economy wrought with unemployment, stagnation, and corruption. The Dayton Peace Accords ended in an agreement to divide the country into two, self-governing entities with a weak centralized government. Though the Agreement ended the bloodshed, the economy has greatly suffered. The state’s largely decentralized government has hampered economic policy coordination and reform. There has been little done to reform the country’s segmented markets, and the excessive bureaucracy has discouraged foreign investment. It is apparent that the economic system of BiH is in dire need of reform, but the answer to how to initiate reform is not as clear. Arguably, the best solution is to unify the state through fostering a common Bosnian identity, reallocate the funds saved from cutting government to industries in the private sector, and then employ Keynesian Shovel Ready Projects in the short term to spark enough economic growth to attract foreign investment.
By Lindsay Walsh*
The acronym BRICS stands for the association of five emerging economies, including Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. Recently, a conference was held in Durban, South Africa, resulting in the countries’ agreement to create a development bank to help fund infrastructure plans. This has led much attention to be focused on the BRICS, causing many to wonder what the new plan means for the countries involved and the greater international community. Continue reading
By Sebastiano Sali*
Almost 60 days after the national elections, Italy still does not have a government. Certainly, very far from Belgium’s 543 days world record, but nonetheless not reassuring at all. Italian politics and Italian politicians (statesmen in Italy do not appear in sight) have been so much confused about forming a new government after February 24/25th polls that have decided not to decide, setting forth the end of the Italian parliamentary democracy.
by Teruo Katsukawa* The East China Sea has been relatively quiet since the Japanese and Chinese governments’ protest against each other concerning a Chinese frigate’s locking radar on a Japanese destroyer earlier this year. Both countries are busy pursuing their own national interests under their new regimes. Returning to power after five years, the Japanese Prime Minister Abe Shinzo has fired his “three arrows” to rebuild the Japanese economy. The new Chinese President Xi Jinping resolutely shared his dream to restore the Chinese nation with continuous economic growth. While likewise flying to many other countries, these two leaders have not visited or even looked caring about each other. Continue reading
By Zenonas Tziarras
Something is definitely happening at the geopolitical intersection of the Middle East and the Eastern Mediterranean. Rapid, crucial, and very much interlinked, developments at the same juncture cannot be coincidences. Here is some of the developments and their geopolitical impact, although only time can reveal the true and complete pattern.
In Turkey, apart from the discussion about the new constitution, the country is going through an historic period as the decades-long conflict between the state and the Kurdish separatist movement, led by the PKK (Kurdistan Workers Party), seems to be coming to an end. The imprisoned Kurdish leader has called for a ceasefire and ordered the Kurdish fighters to withdraw from Turkish soil. Continue reading